Dixon-Carroll, Elizabeth Delia, MD

Item

Connection to Legacies of American Slavery Database
Name
Dixon-Carroll, Elizabeth Delia, MD
One-line bio
First licensed female doctor in Raleigh, NC and original campus physician at Meredith College, 1899-1934.
Biography
Delia Dixon-Carroll was the first licensed female doctor in Raleigh, North Carolina, a notable suffragist, prominent Democratic Party activist, and the original and longtime campus physician for Meredith College. Dixon-Carroll was a distinguished member of the prominent Dixon family of North Carolina and sibling to Thomas Dixon Jr., author of The Leopard’s Spots and The Clansman. Beyond her groundbreaking work as a female physician, Dixon-Carroll forcefully pressed for women’s suffrage, especially as a means of securing white supremacy. Since White women outnumbered North Carolina’s Black population, Dixon-Carroll urged men to support women’s suffrage because, “Not only would women (sic) suffrage give white control in states a more permanent footing than now, but white supremacy will continue to grow.” She proudly proclaimed her partisan leanings declaring, “I am a Democrat” and “(m)y people fought for white supremacy in North Carolina; they faced and helped to solve the problems of reconstruction as much as did the ancestors of any man present in this house tonight.” Dixon-Carroll’s views resemble those of her author brother Thomas Dixon, Jr. whose work she supported throughout her life. Thomas spoke at Meredith College multiple times during her life and Dixon-Carroll held “matinee parties” to celebrate her brother’s work. Dixon-Carroll further supported the Lost Cause romanticization featured in her brother’s books as President of the D. H. Hill Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC). In 1914, she welcomed the state meeting of the UDC to the Meredith College Campus by delivering the opening address.
Date of Birth
4 February 1872
Date of Death
16 May 1934

Position: 423 (7 views)

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