1820-1865: Slavery, Anti-Slavery, and Civil War


1820-1865: Slavery, Anti-Slavery, and Civil War
This timeline designation enables the temporal indexing of persons and memorials, monuments, or other objects and places to persons who fought for or otherwise supported the Confederacy, or advocated theories of white supremacy and Black racial inferiority, or who actively campaigned for the preservation of slavery in the United States and/or argued for its protection or expansion into territories under the dominion of the United States. This period corresponds to several significant historical developments highlighted by this database. First, it corresponds to the displacement of indigenous peoples from territories appropriated by the United States, enabling the rapid expansion of the cotton economy and forced migration of enslaved persons southwestward into Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and eventually Texas. It also encompasses the rise of anti-slavery movements in the northern United States and the reshaping of American political parties around the politics of slavery and its expansion. Finally, it incorporates the outbreak of the Civil War with the secession of the southern states and formation of the Confederacy and the destruction of chattel slavery in the U.S. following the Emancipation Proclamation (1863), defeat of the Confederacy, and passage of the Thirteenth Amendment.

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